Entity Comparison

Comparison of Entities in Singapore

Comparison Of Entities

A quick view of comparison of entities to choose for your needs.

COMPARISON OF ENTITIES [V-20160222]

Details

Sole-Proprietorship

Partnership (General)

Limited Partnership (LP)

Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

Company

Definition A business owned by one person An association of two or more persons carrying on business in common with a view to profit A partnership consisting of two or more persons, with at least one general partner and one limited partner A partnership where the individual partner’s own liability is generally limited A business form which is a legal entity separate and distinct from its shareholders and directors
Owned by One person Generally between 2 and 20 partners. A partnership of more than 20 partners must incorporate as a company under the Companies Act, Chapter 50 (except for professional partnerships) At least 2 partners; one general partner and one limited partner. No maximum limit. At least 2 partners, no maximum limit. Exempt Private Company –20 members or less and no corporation holds beneficial interest in the company’s shares Private Company – 50 members or less Public Company – can
Legal Status Not a separate legal entity Owner has unlimited liability Can sue or be sued in individual’s own name Can also be sued in business name Can own property in individual’s name Owner personally liable for debts and losses of business Not a separate legal entity Partners have unlimited liability Can sue or be sued in firm’s name Cannot own property in firm’s name Partners personally liable for partnership’s debts and losses incurred by other partners Not a separate legal entity General partner has unlimited liability Limited partner has limited liability Can probably sue or be sued in firm’s name Cannot own property in firm’s name General partner personally liable for debts and losses of the LP Limited partner not personally liable for the debts or obligations of LP beyond amount of his agreed contribution A separate legal entity from its partners Partners have limited liability Can sue or be sued in LLP’s name Can own property in LLP’s name Partners personally liable for debts and losses resulting from their own wrongful actions Partners not personally liable for debts and losses of LLP incurred by other partners A separate legal entity from its members and directors Members have limited liability Can sue or be sued in company’s name Can own property in company’s name Members not personally liable for debts and losses of company
Registration Requirements Age 18 years or above. Singapore citizen/ Singapore permanent resident/ EntrePass holder. If owner not resident in Singapore, he must appoint an authorized representative who is ordinarily resident in Singapore Self-employed persons must top up their Medisave account with the CPF Board before they register a new business name, become a registrant of an existing business name, or renew their business name registration Undischarged bankrupts cannot manage the business without approval from the Court or the Official Assignee Age 18 years or above. Singapore citizen/ Singapore permanent resident/ EntrePass holder. If owners not resident in Singapore, they must appoint an authorized representative who is ordinarily resident in Singapore Self-employed persons must top up their Medisave account with the CPF Board before they register a new business name, become a registrant of an existing business name, or renew their business name registration Undischarged bankrupts cannot manage the business without approval from the Court or the Official Assignee At least one general partner and limited partner. Both can be individuals (at least 18 years old) or body corporate (company or LLP). If all general partners are ordinarily resident outside Singapore, they must appoint a local manager who is ordinarily resident in Singapore Self-employed persons must top up their Medisave account with the CPF Board before they register as a partner of a new LP, become a registered partner of an existing LP, or renew their LP registration Undischarged bankrupts cannot manage the business without approval from the Court or the Official Assignee At least two partners, who can be individuals (at least 18 years old) or body corporate (company or LLP) At least one manager ordinarily resident in Singapore and at least 18 years old Undischarged bankrupts cannot manage the business without approval from the Court or the Official Assignee At least one shareholder At least one director ordinarily resident in Singapore, at least 18 years old If a foreigner wishes to act as a local director of the company, he can apply for an EntrePass from the Ministry of Manpower Undischarged bankrupts cannot be a director and cannot manage a company without approval from the Court or the Official Assignee.
Formalities and Expenses Quick and easy to set up Easy to administer and manage Registration cost is minimal. Less administrative duties to adhere to Can renew business registration for one year or three years. Quick and easy to set up Easy to administer and manage Registration cost is minimal. Less administrative duties to adhere to Can renew business registration for one year or three years. Quick and easy to set up Easy to administer and manage Registration cost is minimal Less administrative duties to adhere to Can renew business registration for one year or three years. Quick and easy to set up Fewer formalities and procedures to comply with than a company Registration cost is relatively minimal and fewer regulatory duties to adhere to than a company No statutory requirement for general meetings, directors, company secretary, share allotments, etc. Only an annual declaration of solvency/insolvency must be lodged by one of the managers stating whether the LLP is able or not able to pay its debts during the normal course of business More costly to set up and maintain More formalities and procedures to comply with Must appoint a company secretary within 6 months of incorporation Must appoint an auditor within 3 months after incorporation unless the company is exempt from audit requirements Annual Returns must be filed. Statutory requirements for general meetings, directors, company secretary, share allotments, etc. must be complied with.
Taxes Profits taxed at owner’s personal income tax rates Profits taxed at partners’ personal income tax rates Profits taxed at partners’ personal income tax rates (if individual)/ corporate tax rate (if corporation) Profits taxed at partners’ personal income tax rates (if individual)/ corporate tax rate (if corporation) Profits taxed at corporate tax rates
Continuity in Law Exists as long as the owner is alive and desires to continue the business Exists subject to partnership agreement Exists subject to partnership agreement If there is no limited partner, the LP registration will be suspended and general partners are deemed registered under the Business Names Registration Act Once a new limited partner is appointed, the registration of the LP will be restored to “live” and general partners’ registration under the Business Names Registration Act ceases The LLP has perpetual succession until wound up or struck off A company has perpetual succession until wound up or struck off
Closing the Business By Owner – Cessation of business Registrar can cancel registration if not renewed or where Registrar is satisfied business is defunct By the partners – Cessation of business. Registrar can cancel registration if not renewed or where Registrar is satisfied business is defunct By general partner – cessation of business or dissolution of LP Registrar can cancel registration if not renewed or where Registrar is satisfied LP is defunct Winding Up – Voluntarily by members or creditors, compulsorily by the High Court Striking off Winding Up – Voluntarily by members or creditors, compulsorily by the High Court Striking off

 

Please refer to GUIDES for Type of Firms & Entities for more details and information.